National Symbols of India

This article explores the list of National Symbols of India like National Song, National Days, National Flower, National Tree, National Fruit, National Crop, National Animal, National Flag, National Anthem, National Sweet, etc

National Flag of India – Tiranga

The national flag of India is a symbol of freedom and unity. It is a horizontal rectangular shape with three colour. It is also called Tiranga or Tricolor. The name os three colours are Indian saffron at the top, white in the middle, and Indian green in the bottom. The Indian saffron(Orange) color symbolizes courage and sacrifice, white colour symbolizes truth and peace, and green is a sign of faith and fertility. It has Ashoka Chakra with 24 spoke wheel, in navy blue colour at the center. Khadi cloth material is use to make the Indian flag. The national flag hosted on special occasions like Independence day 15th August, and Republic day 26th January.

india flag information

In between the movement of independence, several designs were varying by the rulers of different states. The last model of the flag was proposed by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru at the constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947. There is some design, and constructional details are given by Flag Code of India, as the length of the flag is 1.5 times that of width. The three stripes of the flag should be equal in width and height. Also, Ashoka Chakra should be printed on both sides by norms and conditions. This article explores National Symbols of India and Meaning with Images.

National Anthem of India – Jana Gana Mana

TitleJana Gana Mana
Music byRabindranath Tagore
Lyrics byRabindranath Tagore
RagaAlhiya Bilawal
Written on11 December 1911
First sung on27 December 1911
Declared as National Anthem onJanuary 24, 1950
Time to play52 seconds
national anthem of india lyrics

Devanagari script

जनगणमन अधिनायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता।
पंजाब सिंध गुजरात मराठा,
द्राविड़ उत्कल बंग।
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा,
उच्छल जलधि तरंग।
तव शुभ नामे जागे,
तव शुभ आशिष मागे
गाहे तव जय गाथा।
जनगणमंगलदायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता।
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे,
जय जय जय जय हे!

Official Romanisation

Jana gana mana adhinayaka jaya he
Bharata bhagya vidhata
Panjaba Sindh Gujarata Maratha
Dravida Utkala Banga
Vindhya Himachala Yamuna Ganga
uchchala jaladhi taranga
Tava Subha name jage,
tava subha asisa mage,
gahe tava jaya gatha.
Jana gana mangala dayaka jaya he
Bharata bhagya vidhata.
Jaya he, Jaya he, Jaya he,
Jaya Jaya Jaya Jaya he.

National Song of India – Vande Mataram

Vande Mataram is our national song written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1870s. this song is a source of motivation for every freedom fighters in the time of independence. ‘Vande Mataram’ originally was India’s national anthem, But ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was adopted as a national anthem after independence. The English translation of these songs made by Sri Aurobindo, and in Urdu translated by Aarif Mohammad Khan. Also, the song is taken from Anand Math, published in 1882. That was written by Chandra Chatterjee Bankim.

These songs’ first two stanzas are in Sanskrit, and remaining are in Bangla. Also, it first is sung in 1896 in Calcutta by the Indian National Congress convention. This song is also very respectful, like our National Anthem. It got the status of the National song of India on 24 January 1950 by the Indian Constitution.

Devnagari script

वन्दे मातरम्।
सुजलाम् सुफलाम्
मलयज शीतलाम्
वन्दे मातरम्।

सुमधुर भाषिणीम्
सुखदाम् वरदाम्
वन्दे मातरम्। वन्दे मातरम्।

Official Romanisation

Vande Mataram!
malayaja shitalam,
Vande Mataram!

drumadala shobhinim,
sumadhura bhashinim,
Sukhadam varadam,
Vande Mataram, Vande Mataram!

National River of India – Ganges

The Ganges is a national river of our country. In November 2008, the Government of India declared the river as the national river of India. It is also called as Ganga. Ganga is an essential river among all rivers in India. The distance cover by this river is almost up to 2525 kilometers. It starts from Himalaya Uttarakhand and travels towards the Bay of Bengal.

In this river, we can find different types of fishes, snakes, and dolphins as well. This river water contains the Bacteriophage virus. It can kill some dangerous microorganisms. Various holy pilgrimage is situated on the edge of this river, like Varanasi, Haridwar, and Pryagraj. People will come to celebrate some religious festival near this river.

National Flower of India – Indian Lotus

Lotus (kamal) is the national flower of our country. This flower found in the mud or dirty water. It is a beautiful looking flower among all the flowers. This flower’s scientific name is Nelumbo nucifera.

Lotus National Flower of India

Lotus also represents Vietnam ‘s national flower. We can find this flower in different colours like pink, white, etc. About 100 species of it are found all over the world. We see the lotus flower in the hands of Goddess Lakshmi, which symbolizes wealth, prosperity, and fertility. The length of this flower leaf is 60 to 90 cm.

National Fruit of India – Mango

Mango is India’s national fruit. It is also called as King of Konkan. Mango is a very sweet fruit. From children to an older person, everyone like this fruit. Various mango species are present in the world.

In Konkan, there is a famous species of mango called a Hapus. In India, there are almost 1300 species found in a different region. Devgad hapus, Ratnagiri Hapus, is very famous, and exports worldwide from India.

Mango National Fruit of India

A mango tree can found in equatorial regions. We can get in fruit in the span of April, June months. In Indian culture, mango and leaf have special importance. The scientific research center of this fruit is in Maharashtra Vengurla. This fruit tree can grow up to 30 to 40 meters long. And the width is almost 10 meters.

National Tree of India – Indian Banyan

Banayan tree is India’s national tree. The unity of the country is reflected by the incredible structure and deep roots of the trees. The tree is also called the Kalpavriksha, which means ‘wish-fulfilling tree’.
It is huge and expands in length around 15 to 20 meters. Banayan tree trunk is strong, smooth, and sticky. Leaves are a little bit long, broad, and rounded and a dark green colour. From its leaves, people make food dishes. From its trunk, we can also make oil for use. It has huge medicinal properties and longevity. It also provides shelter for many different animals and birds representing India.

Banyan National Tree of India

During India’s independence movement, the British killed hundreds of rebels by hanging from a banyan tree. After that, independent India made a banyan tree its national tree.

It’s broken branches reach the ground. They called as Parambi. This tree can live up to so many years. The banyan tree is an essential part of the Hindu religion. Vatapaournima festival is associated with this tree.

States and Capitals of India

National Animal of India – Bengal Tiger

The Royal Bengal Tiger is an Indian national animal. Bengal tiger is a sign of strength, agility, and power. The tiger is called the Lord of the jungle and reveals India’s rich wildlife. The average lifespan of a tiger is between 8 and 10 years in the wild. In Hindi, people called him “बाघ”.

The Bengal Tiger was declared a national animal in India in April 1973, when the Tiger Project was launch to protect tigers in India. Before that, The lion has been India’s national animal.

Common NameRoyal Bengal Tiger
Scientific NamePanthera tigris tigris
Declared National animal inApril 1973
Found inIndia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh
Average weightMale – 220 Kg & Female – 140 Kg
Average LengthMale – Upto 3 meter & Female – Upto 2.6 meter
Average Lifespan8 to 10 years in wild
Average Speed60 km/h
Tiger National Animal of India

National Bird of India – Indian Peafoul

The Indian National Bird is the Indian Peafowl, also called as the Peacock.
The peacock was declared a National Indian Bird in 1963.
Peacock, the symbol of grace, joy, beauty, love and its presence all over the country.

Common NameIndian Peafoul, blue peafowl
Scientific NamePavo cristatus
Designated national bird in1963
Found inApril to May – southern India
June – northern India
January to March – Sri Lanka
HabitatGrasslands, moist and dry deciduous forests, cultivated regions near human habitats, Usually located where water is available.
Eating HabitsOmnivorous
Average weightMale – 5 Kg & Female – 3.5 Kg
Average LengthMale – Upto 1.95 – 2.25 m & Female – Upto 0.95 m
Average Lifespan15 to 20 years in wild
Average Speed13 km/h
Peacock National Bird of India

National Heritage Animal of India – Elephant

The elephant is the national heritage animal of India. The Indian elephant is an Asian elephant subspecies discovered in mainland Asia. Indian elephants are reported to be endangered animals by IUCN Red List.

Elephant National Heritage Animal of India

National Reptile of India – King Cobra

The King Cobra is the national reptile of India. It is the longest venomous snake in the world. The King Cobra is 18.5 to 18.8 in length and is found in the forests of Southeast Asia in India.

King Cobra National Reptile of India

National Aquatic Animal of India – Ganges river dolphin

The Ganges river dolphin is the National Aquatic Animal of India. It is also called as River Dolphin. This dolphin also elected as the city animal of the Guwahati. This river dolphin found in the Ganges, Chambal river, Yamuna river, Brahmaputra river.

River Dolphin National Aquatic Mammal of India

National Calendar of India – Saka calendar

In 1957 the Sak Calendar was started by the Calendar Committee, and it is based on the Saka era. Officially usage of this calendar started on 22 March 1957. This calendar follows the signs of the tropical zodiac.

Jyaisthaज्येष्ठ / जेठ
Sravanaश्रावण / सावन
Bhadraभाद्रपद / भादों
Asvinaअश्विन / क्वार
Agrahayanaअग्रहायण / अगहन

National Emblem of India – State Emblem of India

India’s national emblem has been taken from the lion capital of Ashoka at Sarnath near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.
On January 2, 1950, the Government of India adopted the National emblem of India. Satyamev Jayate(Truth Alone Triumphs) is his motto.

At the very bottom of the national emblem is a fully inverted Blossomed lotus. In the first look, it looks like a bell.
It has sculptures of elephant, horse, bull, and lions in the abacus, and wheels separate these. Above, it is four lions in four directions, pointing north, east, south, and west. The following picture shows only three lions and the fourth is hidden behind the national emblem.

National Currency of India – Indian Rupee

In 2010, the new rupee symbol (₹) was officially adopted, and the first series started in circulation on 8 July 2011. D. Uday Kumar designs this new rupee coin. To design it, he has referred to the Devanagari consonant ‘र’ and the Latin capital letter ‘R’. Before 2010, India used ‘₨’ and ‘Re’ as symbols of the rupee. The Indian Rupee is regulated (controlled) by the Reserve Bank of India.

Currency CodeINR
Coins Available₹1, ₹2, ₹5, ₹10
Notes Available₹5, ₹10, ₹20, ₹50, ₹100, ₹200, ₹500, ₹2,000
Central BankReserve Bank of India

National Vegetable of India – Pumpkin

The pumpkin is India’s national vegetable. It is also known as ‘kaddu.’ This vegetable is found all over India as it does not require good soil conditions. In warm and hot weather it grows well.

Pumpkin National Vegetable of india
Pumpkin National Vegetable of india

National Pledge of India – Oath of Allegiance

The National Pledge is an oath of allegiance to the Republic of India. Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao was written in 1962. It is read at public events such as Independence Day and Republic Day celebrations or some school events.

National Pledge of india lyrics
National Pledge of india lyrics

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  1. Excellent information. Charts of this information should be displayed in all primary and secondary schools


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